For who knows what is good for man in this life, all the days of his vain life which he spends as a shadow? for who can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun?
Treasury of Scripture
Ecclesiastes 2:3 I sought in my heart to give myself to wine, yet acquainting my heart with wisdom; and to lay hold on folly...
Ecclesiastes 12:13 Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man.
Psalm 4:6 There be many that say, Who will show us any good? LORD, lift you up the light of your countenance on us.
Psalm 16:5 The LORD is the portion of my inheritance and of my cup: you maintain my lot.
Psalm 17:15 As for me, I will behold your face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with your likeness.
Psalm 47:4 He shall choose our inheritance for us, the excellency of Jacob whom he loved. Selah.
Lamentations 3:24-27 The LORD is my portion, said my soul; therefore will I hope in him...
Micah 6:8 He has showed you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require of you, but to do justly, and to love mercy...
the days of his vain life
Ecclesiastes 8:13 But it shall not be well with the wicked, neither shall he prolong his days, which are as a shadow; because he fears not before God.
Ecclesiastes 9:6 Also their love, and their hatred, and their envy, is now perished...
1 Chronicles 29:15 For we are strangers before you, and sojourners, as were all our fathers: our days on the earth are as a shadow...
Job 8:9 (For we are but of yesterday, and know nothing, because our days on earth are a shadow:)
Job 14:2 He comes forth like a flower, and is cut down: he flees also as a shadow, and continues not.
Psalm 39:5,6 Behold, you have made my days as an handbreadth; and my age is as nothing before you...
Psalm 89:47 Remember how short my time is: why have you made all men in vain?
Psalm 90:10-12 The days of our years are three score years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years...
Psalm 102:11 My days are like a shadow that declines; and I am withered like grass.
Psalm 109:23 I am gone like the shadow when it declines: I am tossed up and down as the locust.
Psalm 144:4 Man is like to vanity: his days are as a shadow that passes away.
James 4:14 Whereas you know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapor, that appears for a little time...
for who can
Ecclesiastes 3:22 Why I perceive that there is nothing better, than that a man should rejoice in his own works; for that is his portion...
Ecclesiastes 8:7 For he knows not that which shall be: for who can tell him when it shall be?
Job 14:21 His sons come to honor, and he knows it not; and they are brought low, but he perceives it not of them.
ContextThe Futility of Life
1There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, and it is common among men: 2A man to whom God has given riches, wealth, and honor, so that he wants nothing for his soul of all that he desires, yet God gives him not power to eat thereof, but a stranger eats it: this is vanity, and it is an evil disease. 3If a man beget an hundred children, and live many years, so that the days of his years be many, and his soul be not filled with good, and also that he have no burial; I say, that an untimely birth is better than he. 4For he comes in with vanity, and departs in darkness, and his name shall be covered with darkness. 5Moreover he has not seen the sun, nor known any thing: this has more rest than the other. 6Yes, though he live a thousand years twice told, yet has he seen no good: do not all go to one place? 7All the labor of man is for his mouth, and yet the appetite is not filled. 8For what has the wise more than the fool? what has the poor, that knows to walk before the living? 9Better is the sight of the eyes than the wandering of the desire: this is also vanity and vexation of spirit. 10That which has been is named already, and it is known that it is man: neither may he contend with him that is mightier than he. 11Seeing there be many things that increase vanity, what is man the better? 12For who knows what is good for man in this life, all the days of his vain life which he spends as a shadow? for who can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun?
Parallel VersesAmerican Standard Version
For who knoweth what is good for man in his life, all the days of his vain life which he spendeth as a shadow? for who can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun?
What needeth a man to seek things that are above him, whereas he knoweth not what is profitable for him in his life, in all the days of his pilgrimage, and the time that passeth like a shadow? Or who can tell him what shall be after him under the sun?
Darby Bible Translation
For who knoweth what is good for man in life, all the days of his vain life which he spendeth as a shadow? for who can tell man what shall be after him under the sun?
King James Bible
For who knoweth what is good for man in this life, all the days of his vain life which he spendeth as a shadow? for who can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun?
Young's Literal Translation
For who knoweth what is good for a man in life, the number of the days of the life of his vanity, and he maketh them as a shadow? for who declareth to man what is after him under the sun?